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Photos author is Alexander Lytvyn

St. Sophia of Kyiv

Concerning with the sight:

St. Sophia of Kyiv

The Cathedral of St. Sophia was built in 1037, during the reign of Yaroslav the Wise. It is a unique monument of the Kyiv Rus period and the oldest building in Kyiv, constructed to resemble the primary temple of Constantinople. The temple is dedicated to one of the most complex concepts of Christian theology the Sophia or the Wisdom of God.

In the 14th century, the cathedral fell into disrepair, and Metropolitan Petro Mohyla and Hetman Mazepa made numerous efforts to restore it in the 17th century. In the 18th century, the cathedral acquired the Baroque look, which in its main features has survived to this day. St. Sophia has experienced invasions, looting, reconstruction and completion during its almost a thousand-year history. Therefore, in Ukrainian culture, its image is symbolically rich. In Pavlo Tychyna’s poem Golden Rumble Lavra and St. Sophia embody the historical longevity of Ukrainian history. In the poetry of Vasyl Stus, St. Sophia appears both as a symbol of Kyiv and as a symbol of Ukraine, its metaphysical center. And Pavlo Zahrebelnyi made the cathedral the protagonist of his novel with the eloquent title The Wonder.

The central place in the cathedral is occupied by a mosaic image of Virgin Mary Orans, the walls are covered with 260 square meters of mosaics and 3000 square meters of frescoes dating back to the 11th century, and in addition, thousands of graffiti. Researchers suggest that Volodymyr Monomakh left his autograph on one of the walls of the cathedral. Therefore, St. Sophia of Kyiv can be read as a valuable book.

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